## Overview - Participating Institutes

## SCIENTIFIC PROJECT

Fuid mechanics studies the properties and behavior of fluids, that is, liquids, gases, plasma, and more generally of substances whose molecules have no fixed positions in space but can move relative to each other with different relative speeds. It involves rather advanced physical phenomena and has a broad range of applications. Most environmental systems involve the dynamics of water and gases that is described in terms of fluid mechanics, e.g., diffusion of pollutants, or issues of marine and atmospheric meteorology. Similarly, biological systems are regulated by transport and dispersion of elements or species in water, air, and blood. Many industrial problems are concerned with fluid processes: for instance in transportation (automotive, aeronautic) applications, or in processes where chemical-fluid dynamic interaction is expected. The fundamental laws upon which this discipline is based are the balance equations (conservation of mass, energy, momentum), which are generally expressed by partial differential equations, often highly complex, whose study requires the application of different methods of advanced mathematics and is a research field of high theoretical relevance. The numerical resolution of these equations often requires the development of sophisticated computational techniques. The Doctorate School in Environmental and Industrial Fluid Mechanics aims to prepare students in the field of fluid dynamics and in particular in the study of processes involving fluid flows and their transport, dispersion and mixing properties, in the environmental or industrial processes, as well as their interaction with the solid elements.

## EDUCATIONAL OBJECTIVES

The main objective is to provide students an adequate knowledge in fluid dynamics, mathematical methods, large-scale physics flows and industrial applications. The program aims to prepare students to pursue different careers in research, teaching and in the industrial use of high technologies in the above mentioned areas. The final dissertation must be original, represent the state of the art in the chosen field and contain material for the publication of scientific papers in international journals of the field included in the ISI or SCOPUS catalog. The students will be in contact with several local and international environments and gain a considerable experience in both theoretical and applied problems of fluid dynamics. In addition, the students will develop familiarity and competence in the use of more advanced tools (both modeling and experimental) for the analysis of complex physical systems, which will be of great use for future activities in public or private research centers or for any work in companies with high technological content.

All students must follow a program of courses in order to achieve adequate skills in mathematical methods, fluid dynamics, computer science, oceanography, and dynamics of the lower atmosphere. In particular "core courses" and "research-based courses" are offered. The core courses must provide the tools for understanding the physical phenomena involved and will focus on topics of mathematics (partial differential equations, numerical analysis, statistics), computer science, basic and advanced fluid dynamics, computational fluid dynamics, experimental techniques in fluid dynamics. The research-oriented courses will include research-based geophysical fluid dynamics, physics and modeling of turbulence, physical oceanography, dynamics of the lower atmosphere, advanced mathematical methods for the study of qualitative properties of some classes of nonlinear differential equations of interest in fluid dynamics, numerical methods for the development of computational techniques. There will also be periodic seminars taught by experts, to which students are expected to attend.

We further note that:

- there are no similar programs of Industrial and Environmental Fluid Mechanics in the region Friuli Venezia Giulia;
- the program has a partnership with foreign programs;
- the school program creates a strong link between national and international research bodies and institutions operating in the city of Trieste, in the region Friuli Venezia Giulia and in the Alpe-Adria region (ICTP, OGS, CNR-ISMAR, OSMER-FVG, ENEA);
- the college faculty is composed of mathematicians, physicists and engineers working in complete synergy in the understanding of physical problems and in the knowledge of mathematical and computational models.

## PARTICIPATING INSTITUTES

Università degli Studi di Trieste Dipartimento di Matematica e Geoscienze Via Valerio, 12/b -- 34127 Trieste, Italia Tel: +39-040-558 2635 Fax: +39-040-558 2636 |

The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics |

Osservatorio Meteorologico Regionale Friuli - Venezia Giulia |

Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Istituto di Scienze Marine Sezione di Trieste |

Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale - OGS |

Agenzia nazionale per le nuove tecnologie, l'energia e lo sviluppo economico sostenibile |